ビジネスパーソンのための英語学習ポータル

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“Run-down”の意味と使い方 Bizmates初級ビジネス英会話 Point 272

Run-down ってどういう意味?

Run-down は「くたびれた」や「疲れ果てた」という意味の表現です。人が身体的に疲れ切った状態や、建物やその内装が使い倒されてボロボロになっている状態を指して使われます。

 

 

Run-down ってどういう場面で使うの?

たとえば、連日休日出勤した後の月曜日、同僚との会話の中で:

Justin: Hi Taro. Are you OK?
You: I was here all weekend. I’m feeling pretty run-down.

Justin: 太郎さん、だいじょうぶですか?
You: 週末はずっと仕事をしていました。くたびれました。

 

Run-down の自然な使い方を動画で学ぶ

こちらの動画で、発音や、会話の中での自然な使い方を、Bizmatesのプレゼンター Justinが解説します。

【動画内の”CC”ボタンをクリックして英語字幕を表示!】
【過去の動画を見るにはYoutubeページへ!Subscribe!】

Related Articles:

0:00:00.410,0:00:05.580
Hello everyone. Justin here and welcome
to another Bizmates for Beginners video

0:00:05.580,0:00:10.440
lesson where every week we introduce a
new idiom, phrase, or expression that you

0:00:10.440,0:00:15.120
can use in your daily business
conversation. This week everyone we are

0:00:15.120,0:00:20.939
going to learn: "run-down." Alright so when
something or someone is run-down, what

0:00:20.939,0:00:24.090
does it mean? Well to find out
please stay tuned

0:00:24.090,0:00:30.330
but first, let's begin with a quick
review of last week's class. Alright

0:00:30.330,0:00:35.250
everyone, so imagine I ask you: How was
your trip to Italy? Was the flight

0:00:35.250,0:00:43.170
expensive? And imagine you flew to Italy
during peak season - the busiest time of

0:00:43.170,0:00:50.250
the year - so the flight tickets were very
expensive. So, how do you say that using

0:00:50.250,0:00:54.090
the expression from last week? I'll give
you five seconds to think about it.

0:00:54.090,0:00:56.400
Are you ready?
Okay go!

0:01:00.100,0:01:03.000
Alright and time is up. If you said:

0:01:03.040,0:01:07.940
Yes. It cost an arm and a leg
then that's exactly right.

0:01:07.950,0:01:12.900
Well done and thank you for remembering
last week's class. Alright everyone

0:01:12.900,0:01:18.750
let's move on to: run-down. Now this is
what I sometimes hear... alright, so I come

0:01:18.750,0:01:23.610
to the office and I see Taro sitting
there, but he doesn't look very good.

0:01:23.610,0:01:30.720
So, I say: Taro, are you OK?
Taro says: You know, I was here all

0:01:30.720,0:01:36.720
weekend. I'm feeling pretty tired. OK,
I can understand if you were here all

0:01:36.720,0:01:42.180
weekend - no rest, no break - yes of course,
you must feel very tired.

0:01:42.180,0:01:47.080
Now although this is OK, you might hear a
native English speaker say this:

0:01:47.420,0:01:52.280
I was here all weekend.
I'm feeling pretty run-down. Alright so

0:01:52.290,0:01:57.090
whenever you're feeling physically
exhausted, you're very tired, you're

0:01:57.090,0:02:05.670
feeling very run-down, OK? Now you can also
use this expression to describe a

0:02:05.670,0:02:12.730
physical location or place that isn't in
good condition. So for example imagine

0:02:12.730,0:02:19.480
you are in a very, very old kind of dirty
hotel room, okay, the carpet isn't clean

0:02:19.480,0:02:25.299
maybe there's a big hole in the wall,
you can say "yeah, this room is

0:02:25.299,0:02:31.420
pretty run-down" OK? Or maybe you can say
"yeah, the train is pretty run-down."

0:02:31.420,0:02:37.000
It's very old, the physical condition is not
so good, okay, or the roads are very

0:02:37.000,0:02:43.750
run-down or this car is pretty
run-down, my keyboard, or my mouse is

0:02:43.750,0:02:47.980
pretty run-down, alright?
So anything that isn't in good

0:02:47.980,0:02:53.829
physical condition is something that is
run-down, okay? Alright so please

0:02:53.829,0:02:57.400
remember this for next time, but our
pronunciation here is pretty simple this

0:02:57.400,0:03:01.920
week so please repeat after me:
I'm feeling pretty run-down. Your turn.

0:03:03.760,0:03:08.920
Good all right now after my question:
Hey, you look pretty tired. Are you okay?

0:03:10.920,0:03:16.560
That's right. Yeah, I was here all week
and I'm pretty run-down. Okay? Alright so

0:03:16.569,0:03:21.220
please remember this for the review for
our next class. Okay our bonus question

0:03:21.220,0:03:27.579
this week everyone is another way to say:
something is "very easy." Okay if

0:03:27.579,0:03:31.239
you know what the answer is, you can
leave it in the comments below and for

0:03:31.239,0:03:35.260
the answer to our previous bonus
questions, we're gonna start leaving them

0:03:35.260,0:03:41.049
in the comments okay, so when you go to
YouTube there's a little description

0:03:41.049,0:03:45.069
so you click the description and
then it drops down and then we'll leave

0:03:45.069,0:03:49.480
the answer to our bonus questions there
in case you decided you wanted to find

0:03:49.480,0:03:53.560
out what that was, okay?
Alright so if you know what this answer

0:03:53.560,0:03:56.739
is though, you can always leave it in the
comments below and I'll be happy to get

0:03:56.740,0:04:00.720
back to you. Alright everyone, so that is
it for us this week. Thank you always for

0:04:00.720,0:04:06.140
watching. Have a great weekend, everyone
and I will see you next time. Thank you.

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